B.eneficial I.nsect F.iles Spotlight: Bordered Patch Butterfly
The Bordered Patch Butterfly (chlosyne lacinia) is a butterfly seen frequently across much of North and South America. Like the Common Buckeye, Bordered Patch butterflies belong to the nymphalidae family, better known as brush-footed or four-footed butterflies. This family also includes such species as the Monarch, Red Admiral, Fritillaries, and Emperors. It is smaller than many of its cousins, with wingspan measuring from 1 1/2 – 2 inches across.
This species is highly variable in coloration and marking, but is still very distinguishable. Both the ventral and dorsal sides of the wings are black. The dorsal side has a wide orange/cream median line, while the ventral side has a wide yellow/cream line. The dorsal side also shows small white spots on the margins against black. The ventral side has small white postmedian spots, with larger yellowish spots on the margin. The ventral wing displays reddish spots near the abdomen, most often separate from the median line, and also a reddish-orange basal spot near the head.
Host plants for the Bordered Patch include the Cowpen Daisy, Brown-eyed Susan, Goldeneye, Zexmenia, Sunflower, Ragweed and Cockleburs. Their larvae ate most of the leaves off of my Russian Mammoth sunflowers this summer. Eggs are laid in large groups on undersides of leaves of the host plant. Younger cats eat the underside of the leaves. Once larger, they begin to eat entire leaves and stems. There can be several generations in Central Texas from April – October.